The Arches National Park is in the Southeastern part of Utah. Many years ago this was covered by a large sea and became a dry seabed. A very deep layer of salt and sediment was left behind, forming layers of sandstone 1,000’s of feet deep. Some sediment was up to one mile deep at points. The sandstone was pushed and folded like a carpet as the earth’s crust shifted. It was then pushed up far above the original sea level. It was then shaped by wind and water, and then eroded down. There are many colors of rock in this park. You can walk up into many areas and see different rock formations, including some boulders balanced on other rocks. The day we went it was very hot, and the higher you drove into the park the hotter it got. It is very pretty here, and there are four other National Parks across Southern Utah to visit (we also saw Zion but couldn’t get to the other 3 since it was so hot!) . The Arches National Park was our 26th National Park within the past year!!! (this doesn’t even count National Monuments or State Parks!)… We missed an Island Park in Florida, an Island Park in California, Lassen Volcanic in CA because of snow, two in Washington, and three in Utah. Otherwise, we hit everything else in all of our 36 states! Hurray!
Salt Lake City is named after the Great Salt Lake that is here! This lake is salty like the ocean. Many years ago, this area was covered by an ocean. When the ocean evaporated, salt was left in the mountains. That salt washes down when it rains and when the snow melts. Parts of the Salt Lake are saltier than others, depending on how much additional fresh water is added. In the north, the lake is almost 35% salt. The amount of salt in the lake takes up more room in the water, and makes your body more buoyant. You float much better – even here in the southern part where there isn’t as much salt as the North. We went to Antelope Island State Park. This park has a special bridge that was built to get to it. The smell is pretty bad as you cross the bridge, but it isn’t as bad once you get to the lake. Very few things grow here; mainly special shrimp, bugs and the birds that eat them. You can see all the bugs on the ground as I’m running through them on the “beach”. The birds fly by with their mouths open and scoop up the bugs if you scare them. We didn’t see any antelope, but further back on the island there are both antelope and bison. It’s really nice, but this is “no-see-um” season so we had to watch out for the bugs. Yes, we were covered in salt when we got out of the lake.
The granite in Acadia National Park was created by molten rocks that came up through volcanos as lava. Glaciers cut through the area leaving large marks in the rocks, and holes in the land which The ice flowed like a slow moving river taking rocks and other items with it. The glaciers moved by gravity toward sea level. They made all of these huge cuts in the land.