The Arches National Park is in the Southeastern part of Utah. Many years ago this was covered by a large sea and became a dry seabed. A very deep layer of salt and sediment was left behind, forming layers of sandstone 1,000’s of feet deep. Some sediment was up to one mile deep at points. The sandstone was pushed and folded like a carpet as the earth’s crust shifted. It was then pushed up far above the original sea level. It was then shaped by wind and water, and then eroded down. There are many colors of rock in this park. You can walk up into many areas and see different rock formations, including some boulders balanced on other rocks. The day we went it was very hot, and the higher you drove into the park the hotter it got. It is very pretty here, and there are four other National Parks across Southern Utah to visit (we also saw Zion but couldn’t get to the other 3 since it was so hot!) . The Arches National Park was our 26th National Park within the past year!!! (this doesn’t even count National Monuments or State Parks!)… We missed an Island Park in Florida, an Island Park in California, Lassen Volcanic in CA because of snow, two in Washington, and three in Utah. Otherwise, we hit everything else in all of our 36 states! Hurray!
A place called Epic Escape is in Phoenix, AZ. They have “Escape Room” games where you have a mission and have to solve clues, to unlock locks, to get more clues to help you solve a problem. We played the Whimsical Library game. We didn’t quite make it in the 60 minutes allowed, but we got close. I think it would be fun to see how adults did against a team of kids. Sparkle Kitten and I think the kids would win because we work together better than adults. We are going to go to anther escape room in another city and try a new game. They have some that are more physical and some that are more mental. This one was more mental and we had to try to find all the clues we could, and then figure out what the meant. It was fun!
The picture above is Montezuma, who was the Emperor of the Aztecs in the early 1500’s The Aztecs lived in the country that is now Mexico, but traveled to the Southern United States. The other pictures are where they primarily lived, and what some of their dwellings looked like. When the Spanish discovered North America, and traveled to the part that is now Mexico, they saw all the gold the Aztecs had; they decided they wanted it. They defeated the Aztecs and Montezuma and claimed what is now Mexico as their own. The reason this is important, is while they were traveling North into what is now Arizona, in search of the 7 Lost Cities of Gold, they came across huge cave dwellings 5 stories high
. They were so impressive they thought they must be Aztec, and so they called them “Montezuma Castle”. They were wrong; the cave dwellings here were built by Pueblo Indians. We saw the dwellings near Phoenix, AZ. They are impressive and near the Beaver Creek which provided water for the community. It is very peaceful here with lots of native plants.
Since You’ve Been Gone has 449 pages and I give it 5/5 Stars. It was really good, and I read it VERY fast because I couldn’t put it down! This book is about a girl named Emily. She has an amazing summer planned with her best friend Sloane when suddenly she just goes missing! All she leaves behind is a list of crazy things for Emily to do. At the bottom of the list it says “when you’ve completed this list come and find me and tell me all about it.” Emily’s summer goes from boring to exciting in just 24 hours. I liked this book because I could really relate to the character Emily. I could imagine how amazing my summer would get if that happened to me!
The reason that you see these pictures above is because once upon a time, a new queen came into Spain. She wanted all the moors (Muslims) out if they were not Catholic. The priest tried to negotiate with the moors. He said,” If you are not Catholic, leave.” The moors had a clear and simple answer,” No,”; they stood their ground. This lead to a great war(but very bloody). This blocked up the Spanish’s routes to trade with India. That is why Christopher Columbus sailed west to find another way to India. That is how the Spanish found out about America. The bell above is from the time of that war. They thought God as angry with them so they all gathered up amulets and precious(and non precious) metals. So they rang that bell and (and probably a coincidence that) they beat the moors. They thought they showed God that they sacrificed something so he helped them.
- Dig hole in ground in shape of an inverted bell
- Line hole with tiles
- Melt precious metals and pour into hole
- Stick large oak tree center to hollow out bell
- Let cool
- Enjoy your bell
This how they actually made this bell.
The wagon ruts above are still remaining from the Santa Fe Trail. These are in Kansas.