The reason that you see these pictures above is because once upon a time, a new queen came into Spain. She wanted all the moors (Muslims) out if they were not Catholic. The priest tried to negotiate with the moors. He said,” If you are not Catholic, leave.” The moors had a clear and simple answer,” No,”; they stood their ground. This lead to a great war(but very bloody). This blocked up the Spanish’s routes to trade with India. That is why Christopher Columbus sailed west to find another way to India. That is how the Spanish found out about America. The bell above is from the time of that war. They thought God as angry with them so they all gathered up amulets and precious(and non precious) metals. So they rang that bell and (and probably a coincidence that) they beat the moors. They thought they showed God that they sacrificed something so he helped them.
- Dig hole in ground in shape of an inverted bell
- Line hole with tiles
- Melt precious metals and pour into hole
- Stick large oak tree center to hollow out bell
- Let cool
- Enjoy your bell
This how they actually made this bell.
Santa Fe, New Mexico is a main city here. There was a historic trading route that ran between Independence, MO and Santa Fe, NM. It was known as the Santa Fe Trail. Pioneers and traders used this route to help settle the west. At the time, New Mexico was a territory and not a state. People from Mexico City, and Texas also used Santa Fe as a trading hub. Santa Fe is along the Rio Grande.
Spanish people that visited this area called the structures the Native People were living in “Pueblos” which was the Spanish word for “towns”.
The term “Pueblo Indian” refers to Native Indians from this area that lived in this type of dwelling. It does not refer to a specific tribe. Today there are 21 different remaining tribes of Pueblo Indians including Zuni and Hopi. The Pueblo Indians were not removed from their lands, so they live on reservations here in New Mexico in their original ancestral home areas.
Pueblos are built from Adobe Bricks. The bricks are made from stone, sand, mud, and clay and mixed with animal hair or straw. They are then baked in the sun.
This is a picture of a “collared lizard” that we found (actually four of them) in the Gila National Forrest. The puffed up and tried to intimidate us. It didn’t work as you can see! Later I found another smaller lizard with a blue throat. I was chasing him while he was on a fence. After a while I leaned down to look for him but couldn’t find him. He climbed onto my hat when I wasn’t looking. My mom had to tell me he was sitting on my head! He was taking a free ride and hiding at the same time.